Some scientists was able to create a new form of hydrogen, metallic hydrogen, which has properties that will change the world.
Harvard scientists announce they’ve created metallic hydrogen https://t.co/Nx02eo23Iy
— Harvard University (@Harvard) February 3, 2017
“Metallic hydrogen has also been predicted to be a high- or possibly room-temperature superconductor. There are no other known room-temperature superconductors in existence, meaning the applications are immense — particularly for the electric grid, which suffers for energy lost through heat dissipation. It could also facilitate magnetic levitation for futuristic high-speed trains; substantially improve performance of electric cars; and revolutionize the way energy is produced and stored.” inverse.com
What is it Exactly:
“Metallic hydrogen is a kind of degenerate matter, a phase of hydrogen in which it behaves like an electrical conductor. This phase was predicted in 1935 on theoretical grounds by Eugene Wigner and Hillard Bell Huntington.
At high pressure and temperatures, metallic hydrogen might exist as a liquid rather than a solid, and researchers think it is present in large amounts in the gravitationally compressed interiors of Jupiter, Saturn, and in some extrasolar planets.
In October 2016, there were claims that metallic hydrogen had been observed in the laboratory at a pressure of around 495 gigapascals (4,950,000 bar; 4,890,000 atm; 71,800,000 psi). In January 2017, scientists at Harvard University reported the first creation of metallic hydrogen in a laboratory, using a diamond anvil cell. Some observations consistent with metallic behavior had previously been reported, such as the reported observation of some new phases of solid hydrogen under static conditions and, in dense liquid deuterium, electrical insulator-to-conductor transitions associated with an increase in optical reflectivity.” Wikipedia